The Dangers of Hoverboards

by TOI Admin December 27, 2016

Courtesy of Stop Sports Injuries by Lance LeClere, MD, and Brian Gerstenlager, BS


One of the most popular gifts this year was a “self-balancing scooter,” more commonly known as a hoverboard. Just like any vehicle or toy, hoverboards can be fun and entertaining, but some safety concerns have arisen, including the toy catching fire and injuries such as concussions, fractures, cuts, bruises, and internal organ damage.

The American Association of Pediatrics (AAP) recently issued a statement on the use of safety equipment while hoverboarding, and advises against allowing children under the age of 16 to ride. 

The source of the fall risk from hoverboards may not as obvious as it seems. The mechanics of the self-balancing scooters themselves, and not necessarily rider error, may be a major contributing cause of the high rate of falls. Specifically, the devices may not accurately account for the weights of different riders, and therefore, the hoverboard can lurch forward or backward unexpectedly. This may not come as a surprise when considering that self-balancing scooters support weight ranges from 45 pounds to up to 300 pounds.

In addition, many hoverboards are capable of tackling steep inclines. Most  of the two-wheeled transportation devices claim to climb an incline of around 30 degrees. For reference, a parking garage ramp is normally about 4 degrees and the typical max incline for pedestrians is about 7 degrees. So riders can easily climb any ramp in an urban area. But this ability may also increase the risk  of falling because as the degree of incline or decline becomes larger, so too can the tilt.

Hoverboard top speeds are variable between different brands, ranging from about 6 mph up to 12 mph. Faster devices can lead to falls with more serious injuries, especially if the falls are from unexpected, sudden movements of the hoverboard coupled with a high degree of tilting.

With the potential hazards of hoverboarding, many experts recommend wearing a helmet, elbow and knee pads, and wrist guards, and avoid riding on excessive inclines and near roads.

References
www.cpsc.gov/en/About-CPSC/Chairman/Kaye-Biography/ Chairman-Kayes-Statements/Statements/Statement-from-the- US-CPSC-Chairman-Elliot-F-Kaye-on-the-safety-of-hoverboards

www.aappublications.org/news/2016/01/11/Hoverboard011116 www.orthoinfo.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00039

www.cpsc.gov/en/About-CPSC/Chairman/Kaye-Biography/ Chairman-Kayes-Statements/Statements/Statement-from-US- CPSC-Chairman-Elliot-F-Kaye-on-the-Safety-of-Hoverboards- and-the-Status-of-the-Investigation

www.cnet.com/how-to/buy-a-hoverboard www.aia.org/aiaucmp/groups/aia/documents/pdf/aiab089264.pdf

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