Football Injury Prevention

by TOI Admin August 27, 2014

Football is the leading cause of school sports injuries. According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in 2012, approximately 1,242,491 people were treated for football-related injuries in hospital emergency rooms, doctors' offices, and clinics.

Proper Preparation for Play

  • Maintain fitness. Be sure you are in good physical condition at the start of football season. During the off-season, stick to a balanced fitness program that incorporates aerobic exercise, strength training, and flexibility. If you are out of shape at the start of the season, gradually increase your activity level and slowly build back up to a higher fitness level.
  • Pre-season physical. All players should have a pre-season physical to determine their readiness to play and uncover any condition that may limit participation.
  • Warm up and stretch. Always take time to warm up and stretch, especially your hips, knees, thighs and calves. Research studies have shown that cold muscles are more prone to injury. Warm up with jumping jacks, running, or walking in place for 3 to 5 minutes. Then slowly and gently stretch, holding each stretch for 30 seconds.
  • Cool down and stretch. Stretching at the end of practice is too often neglected because of busy schedules. Stretching can help reduce muscle soreness and keep muscles long and flexible. Be sure to stretch after each training practice to reduce your risk for injury.
  • Hydrate. Even mild levels of dehydration can hurt athletic performance. If you have not had enough fluids, your body will not be able to effectively cool itself through sweat and evaporation. A general recommendation is to drink 24 ounces of non-caffeinated fluid 2 hours before exercise. Drinking an additional 8 ounces of water or sports drink right before exercise is also helpful. While you are exercising, break for an 8 oz. cup of water every 20 minutes.


Ensure Proper Equipment

Protective equipment is one of the most important factors in reducing the risk of injury in football. According to Pop Warner Football, Official Rule Book, players should have the following protective gear:

  • Helmet
  • Shoulder pads, hip pads, tail pads, knee pads
  • Pants (one piece or shell)
  • Thigh guards
  • Jersey
  • Mouth guard (A keeper strap is required.)
  • Athletic supporter
  • Shoes (In some leagues, players can wear sneakers or non-detachable, rubber cleated shoes. Detachable cleats of a soft-composition also are allowed in some leagues. Check with your coach about the type of shoe allowed in your league.)
  • If eyeglasses must be worn by a player, they should be of approved construction with non-shattering glass (safety glass). Contact lenses also can be worn.


Prepare for Injuries

  • Coaches should be knowledgeable about first aid and be able to administer it for minor injuries, such as facial cuts, bruises, or minor strains and sprains.
  • Be prepared for emergencies. All coaches should have a plan to reach medical personnel for help with more significant injuries such as concussions, dislocations, contusions, sprains, abrasions, and fractures.


Safe Return to Play

An injured player's symptoms must be completely gone before returning to play. For example:

  • In case of a joint problem, the player must have no pain, no swelling, full range of motion, and normal strength.
  • In case of concussion, the player must have no symptoms at rest or with exercise, and should be cleared by the appropriate medical provider.


Additional Guidelines

Here are some additional strategies for parents and coaches to help young athletes prevent back-to-school sports injuries:

  • It is important for your child to stay active during the summer, so that he or she is prepared to begin participating in fall sports.
  • During practices, have children take frequent water breaks to prevent dehydration and overheating.
  • Learn to recognize early signs of pain and discomfort in children, and teach children to be aware of those signs as well. Let them know they should notify their coach or parent as soon as they experience any pain.
  • Avoid the pressure that is now exerted on many young athletes to overtrain. Listen to your body and decrease training time and intensity if pain or discomfort develops. This will reduce the risk of injury and help avoid “burn-out.”




The Orthopaedic Institute Welcomes Jeffrey C. Glenn, D.O. in Lake City

by TOI Admin August 18, 2014

The Orthopaedic Institute announces that Jeffrey C. Glenn, D.O., has joined its group of 28 fully trained, experienced, specialty physicians providing the complete spectrum of muscle, bone and joint care.

TOI has four full service clinics throughout North Florida. Dr. Glenn is based out of TOI’s Lake City office, located at 146 SW Orthopaedic Court, and will continue operating at Lake City Medical Center, located at 340 NW Commerce Drive.

Dr. Glenn is board certified with areas of clinical interest in Orthopaedic Surgery, Joint Replacement and Reconstruction, Hip Surgery, Knee Surgery and Shoulder Surgery. Glenn graduated from Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine and completed his Adult Reconstructive Surgery fellowship at The Cleveland Clinic Foundation.

Dr. Glenn is the Orthopaedic Team Physician for the Columbia High School football team, a member of the American Osteopathic Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and American Osteopathic Association.

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Backpack Safety for Back to School

by TOI Admin August 8, 2014
Backpacks are a popular and practical way for children and teenagers to carry schoolbooks and supplies. They are designed to distribute the weight of the load among some of the body's strongest muscles. When used correctly, backpacks can be a good way to carry the necessities of the school day.

Tips for Proper Use of Backpacks

Backpacks that are too heavy or are worn incorrectly can cause problems for children and teenagers. Improperly used backpacks may injure muscles and joints. This can lead to severe back, neck, and shoulder pain, as well as posture problems.

Although they are linked to posture problems, heavy backpacks do not cause scoliosis. Scoliosis is a sideways curve of the spine that often shows up in children during adolescence.

The following guidelines can help your family use backpacks safely.

Choosing the Right Backpack

The correct use of both of the wide, well-padded shoulder straps will help distribute the weight of the backpack.
When choosing a backpack, look for one that is appropriate for the size of your child. In addition, look for some of the following features:
  1.     Wide, padded shoulder straps
  2.     Two shoulder straps
  3.     Padded back
  4.     Waist strap
  5.     Lightweight backpack
  6.     Rolling backpack

Injury Prevention

To prevent injury when using a backpack, do the following:
  1.     Always use both shoulder straps to keep the weight of the backpack better distributed across the child's back
  2.     Tighten the straps to keep the load closer to the back
  3.     Pack light: Kids should carry no more than 15 to 20% of their body weight
  4.     Organize the items: pack heavier things low and towards the center
  5.     Remove items if the backpack is too heavy: carry only those items that are required for the day, and if possible, leave unnecessary books at home or school
  6.     Lift properly by bending at the knees when picking up a backpack
  7.     Build muscle strength

Tips for Parents

Parents also can help.
  1.     Encourage your child or teenager to tell you about numbness, tingling, or discomfort in the arms or legs which may indicate poor backpack fit or too much weight being carried.
  2.     Watch your child put on or take off the backpack to see if it is a struggle. If the backpack seems too heavy for the child, have them remove some of the books and carry them in their arms to ease load on the back.
  3.     Do not ignore any back pain in a child or teenager.
  4.     Talk to the school about lightening the load. Team up with other parents to encourage changes.
  5.     Be sure the school allows students to stop at their lockers throughout the day to drop off or exchange heavier books.
  6.     If your child has back pain that does not improve, consider buying a second set of textbooks to keep at home.





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Physician Presentation: Dr. Edward Jaffe's Knee Talk

by TOI Admin August 4, 2014

Is pain in your knee taking away the life you love? If you are among those tired of living with knee pain, maybe it’s time to do something about it. Dr. Edward Jaffe of The Orthopaedic Institute will discuss knee pain and the several options your have in deciding your treatment.  It will included surgical and non-surgical options.

Wednesday, August 6th
7:15 p.m.
ReQuest Physical Therapy (located inside Gainesville Health and Fitness Main Center)
Please call to RSVP: 352-373-2116.

TOI is a sponsor of the 2014 Gala For Kids

by TOI Admin July 28, 2014

The Orthopaedic Institute is a proud sponsor of this year's Gala For Kids. The event will take place this Saturday, August 2nd, from 6:00 to 11:00 p.m. at the Reitz Union Grand Ballroom on the University of Florida campus.  The event will include dinner, dancing, exciting casino games, a live and silent auction and more.

The annual event supports the critical Boys & Girls Club program of Alachua County. The Boys & Girls Club serves thousands of area children year-around, providing a safe, secure, healthy and educational environment where they can grow and achieve.

The evening will include a full casino with a variety of gaming tables and slot machines, silent auction tables loaded with everything from rare sports memorabilia to exotic vacation packages and a live auction that will also feature a variety of unique gifts.

Welcome to TOI's Blog!

TOI's Blog is dedicated to patient education with topics addressing current issues in health and medicine. We will also blog about some of our other favorite things, like community events, our wonderful employees, helping the environment and whatever else comes to our minds! We hope the information contained in our blog is fun to read, assists you in making educated decisions regarding your health, and supports your decision to select TOI when you are in need of quality musculoskeletal care.


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